Chest Port Clinic

What Causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis can occur in anyone but is especially common if among people with history of:

  • Advanced age
  • Joint injury such as fracture or ligament tears
  • Overuse
  • Obesity
  • Musculoskeletal abnormalities
  • Weak muscles
  • Genetics

Even without these conditions, it is still possible to develop osteoarthritis.

What Causes Osteoarthritis?

What Are the Symptoms?

Symptoms generally build up over time and include:

  • Pain or aching in a joint
  • Stiffness usually in the morning or after a period of rest
  • Limited range of motion
  • Clicking or popping when the joint bends
  • Swelling around a joint
  • Joint instability

How is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?

Physical exam: Many common symptoms can be checked during a standard physical examination. Joint swelling, stiffness, muscle weakness, and instability are easy to identify.

X-rays: This imaging technique often shows joint space narrowing, increased density of the bone, cysts in the bone, or bone spurs. If these findings are present on X-ray, CT or MRI scans are not necessary.

The Port Placement Procedure

How Do We Treat Osteoarthritis?

There are four categories of treatment for controlling symptoms and improving quality of life in people with OA.

  • Exercise: Maintaining a healthy body weight and remaining active are important parts of preserving joint function. Low impact exercises such as walking, hiking, biking, and swimming can be effective. Physical therapy can also help strengthen muscles and improve motion.
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications can be administered orally or by injection into the painful joint. Synthetic joint fluids commonly called viscosupplements are also available by injection.
  • Procedures: Genicular artery embolization is a minimally invasive procedure for providing immediate and long term pain relief for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee by reducing blood flow to the lining of the knee.
  • Surgery: Total knee replacement surgery is a safe and effective option for decreasing pain and function in most patients. This surgical procedure uses metal and plastic to resurface bone and cartilage damaged by arthritis