Thrombolytic Therapy

Lower Extremity Varicose Vein Treatment

Lower extremity varicose veins are a common condition affecting millions of people worldwide. This condition is caused by the malfunctioning of valves in the veins, resulting in an accumulation of blood in the legs. The veins appear enlarged, twisted, and blue in color.

Varicose veins can worsen with age and are more than a cosmetic issue — often, they can cause pain or discomfort, or in severe cases, lead to serious symptoms like swelling, ulcers, and skin discoloration. Fortunately, varicose veins can be treated with a number of minimally invasive techniques that are highly effective, including endovenous laser therapy, radiofrequency ablation, sclerotherapy, and more. Vascular & Interventional Partners in Scottsdale, Arizona, is proud to offer these treatment options to our patients.

What Is Lower Extremity Varicose Vein Treatment?

Lower extremity varicose vein treatment is designed to treat visible, enlarged, and twisted veins in the legs. Varicose veins are both a cosmetic and medical concern that can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, swelling, itching, and a feeling of heaviness in affected areas. They can also lead to the development of skin changes, such as hyperpigmentation, eczema, and ulceration. In severe cases, the blood flow to the legs can be affected, leading to the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a potentially life-threatening condition. Treatment can improve the appearance of the legs and alleviate any associated symptoms.

What Is Lower Extremity Varicose Vein Treatment?

Endovenous Laser Therapy

Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat varicose veins. The procedure involves the use of a laser to heat and close off the affected veins. Before the procedure, a local anesthetic is used to numb the treatment area. Then, ultrasound imaging is used to guide a catheter into the affected vein through a small incision. Inside this catheter is a fiber that emits laser energy to heat the inside of the vein, causing it to close. The body then naturally reroutes blood flow to healthier veins.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation is another minimally invasive procedure used to treat varicose veins. This procedure also involves the use of high temperatures to treat affected veins. During treatment, a catheter is inserted into the varicose vein, guided by ultrasound imaging. The catheter then delivers radiofrequency energy inside the vein, generating heat that damages the vein wall. Like EVLT, the body reroutes blood flow to healthier veins.


Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat small-to-medium-sized varicose veins and spider veins. During the procedure, a sclerosant solution is injected directly into the affected vein, causing it to collapse and eventually fade from view. The solution is typically made up of a salt solution or a foam that irritates the inside of the vein so the walls swell shut and close, blocking the flow of blood. The body then reroutes blood to healthier veins.

Ambulatory Phlebectomy

Ambulatory phlebectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove superficial varicose veins in the legs. It is typically performed using local anesthesia and involves making small incisions in the skin to remove the affected veins. The procedure is often performed in an outpatient setting, which means that patients can go home later the same day. Ambulatory phlebectomy is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with varicose veins that are too large to be treated with sclerotherapy or other non-surgical treatments and is considered a less invasive alternative to vein stripping.


of Lower Extremity Varicose Vein Treatment

Choosing a minimally invasive procedure to eliminate lower extremity varicose veins has several advantages over other treatment options, such as:

  • Most patients report immediate relief from painful symptoms
  • No need for general anesthesia or invasive surgery
  • Effective results with less risk
  • Quick procedures with little to no downtime
  • Performed on an outpatient basis
  • Several techniques are available that are suitable for a wide variety of patients
  • Low recurrence of varicose veins in treated areas

Why Choose Vascular & Interventional Partners?

Dealing with varicose veins can be a frustrating and even painful experience. However, with the help of the skilled medical professionals at Vascular & Interventional Partners in Scottsdale, Arizona, patients can find relief with the least invasive treatments possible.

Our team comprises some of Arizona’s leading interventional radiologists and vein specialists, with years of experience using minimally invasive procedures such as sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation, and ambulatory phlebectomy to treat and eliminate painful varicose veins. We have successfully treated numerous patients with varicose veins and have seen firsthand the significant improvements in their quality of life.

If you're interested in learning more about our lower extremity varicose vein treatment options or would like to schedule a consultation, please contact or call us today at 480-435-9100.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Am I a good candidate for lower extremity varicose vein treatment?

Ideal candidates for lower extremity varicose vein treatment are individuals experiencing symptoms such as pain, swelling, and heaviness in the legs, and those with visible veins on the surface of the skin. Patients with a family history of varicose veins, women who have had multiple pregnancies, individuals with a sedentary lifestyle, and those who are overweight are at increased risk of developing varicose veins and may benefit from treatment. However, it's important to note that each patient is unique, and a consultation with a vascular specialist is necessary to determine if lower extremity varicose vein treatment is appropriate.

What is the treatment process like?

Lower extremity varicose vein treatments are minimally invasive and involve the use of sclerotherapy, catheters, and other specialized tools to treat or remove the affected veins. The procedures typically take less than an hour to complete and are performed on an outpatient basis. Afterward, patients are free to return home and resume normal activities with little to no downtime.

To determine which technique to use, the first step of the treatment process is a consultation with a vascular specialist who will perform a physical examination. The specialist will also use ultrasound imaging to confirm the severity and location of the varicose veins. Once the right approach is selected, patients will return for their lower extremity varicose vein treatment.

At Vascular & Interventional Partners, we use minimally invasive techniques and real-time ultrasound guidance to make treatments as quick and easy as possible. No general anesthesia is needed, but some procedures may involve the use of a local numbing agent for improved comfort. Some patients may also be asked to avoid certain medications, including blood thinners, for a period of time prior to the procedure. However, we will provide each individual with specific instructions on how to prepare for their varicose vein treatment.

What happens after lower extremity varicose vein treatment?

The exact recovery time and post-procedure care instructions will vary depending on which technique was used to treat varicose veins in the legs. Most treatments involve little to no downtime. However, patients are required to wear compression stockings after their procedure to help reduce swelling and improve blood flow. Patients are also encouraged to walk and resume normal activities as soon as possible, which helps the body heal.

Patients will be scheduled for follow-up appointments to monitor their progress and ensure that the varicose veins are responding properly. In some cases, additional treatments or techniques may be needed to alleviate symptoms and achieve the desired results.